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Welcome to Uganda
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Officially the Republic of Uganda, is a landlocked country in East Africa. It is bordered
to the east by Kenya, to the north by South Sudan, to the west by the Democratic
Republic of the Congo, to the south-west by Rwanda, and to the south by Tanzania.
The southern part of the country includes a substantial portion of Lake Victoria,
shared with Kenya and Tanzania. Uganda is in the African Great Lakes region.
Uganda also lies within the Nile basin, and has a varied but generally a modified
Uganda takes its name from the Buganda kingdom, which encompasses a large portion of the south of the country, including
the capital Kampala. The people of Uganda were hunter-gatherers until 1,700 to 2,300 years ago, when Bantu-speaking
populations migrated to the southern parts of the country.
Beginning in 1894, the area was ruled as a protectorate by the British, who established administrative law across the territory.
Uganda gained independence from Britain on 9 October 1962. The period since then has been marked by intermittent conflicts,
including a lengthy civil war against the Lord's Resistance Army in the Northern Region, which has caused hundreds of
thousands of casualties.
The official languages are English and Swahili, although "any other language may be used as a medium of instruction in schools
or other educational institutions or for legislative, administrative or judicial purposes as may be prescribed by law." Luganda, a
central language, is widely spoken across the country, and several other languages are also spoken including Runyoro,
Runyankole, Rukiga, and Luo.
According to the 2002 census, Christians made up about 85 percent of Uganda's population. The Roman Catholic Church
had the largest number of adherents (41.9 percent), followed by the Anglican Church of Uganda (35.9 percent). Adventist,
Evangelical, Pentecostal, and other Protestant churches claimed most of the remaining Christians, although there was also
a tiny Eastern Orthodox community. The next most reported religion of Uganda was Islam, with Muslims representing 1
2.1 percent of the population.
The Muslim population is primarily Sunni. There are also minorities who are Shia (7 percent), Ahmadiyya (4 percent),
and those that are non-denominational Muslims, Sufi Muslims.
The remainder of the population according to the 2002 census followed traditional religions (1.0 percent), Baha'i (0.1 percent),
other non-Christian religions (0.7 percent), or had no religious affiliation (0.9 percent).
The Northern Region, including the West Nile sub-region, is predominantly Catholic, while the Iganga District in eastern
Uganda has the highest percentage of Muslims. The rest of the country has a mix of religious affiliations