THE HOLY SCRIPTURES
The Holy Scriptures are the only sufficient, certain and infallible rule for saving knowledge, faith, and obedience
GOD AND THE HOLY TRINITY
The Lord our God is the one and only living and true God
God has decreed all things that occur, and this he has done in himself, from all eternity, by the perfectly wise and holy counsel of
his own will, freely and unchangeably
In the beginning it pleased God the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit, to create the world and all things in it, both visible and invisible,
in six days, and all very good. This was a demonstration of the glory of his eternal power, wisdom, and goodness
God, the good Creator of all things, in his infinite power and wisdom, upholds, directs, organizes and governs all creatures and
things, from the greatest to the least, by his perfectly wise and holy providence, to the end for which they were created. He governs
in accordance with his infallible foreknowledge and the free and immutable counsel of his own will, to the praise of the glory of his
wisdom, power, justice, infinite goodness and mercy.
THE FALL, SIN AND ITS PUNISHMENT
God created Adam upright and perfect, and gave him a righteous law which secured life for him while he kept it, but threatened
death if he broke it. Yet Adam did not live long in this position of honour. Satan used the subtlety of the serpent to subdue Eve,
she seduced Adam, and Adam (without any compulsion) willfully transgressed the law of their creation and the command given
to them by eating the forbidden fruit. God was pleased to permit this act, according to his wise and holy counsel, as it was his
purpose to direct it toward his own glory
GOD'S COVENANT WITH THE HUMAN RACE
The distance between God and the creature is so great, that they could never have attained the reward of life except by an act
of voluntary condescension on God's part. This he has been pleased to express by way of a covenant.
CHRIST THE MEDIATOR
It pleased God, in his eternal purpose, to choose and ordain the Lord Jesus, his only Son, in accordance with the covenant
made between them both, to be the Mediator between God and the human race; to be prophet, priest, and king; to be the
head and savior of his church, the heir of all things, and judge of the world. From all eternity he gave to him a people to be
his progeny. In time these would be redeemed, called, justified, sanctified, and glorified by him
God has provided the human will by nature with liberty and power to act upon choice; it is neither forced, nor determined
by any intrinsic necessity to do good or evil.
Those whom God has predestined to life, he is pleased (in his appointed and accepted time)3 to effectually call by his Word
and Spirit. He calls them out of that state of sin and death in which they are by nature, to grace and salvation by Jesus Christ.
He enlightens their minds spiritually and savingly to understand the things of God. He takes away their heart of stone, and gives
to them a heart of flesh. He renews their wills, and by his almighty power causes them to do what is good. He effectually draws
them to Jesus Christ, yet in such a way that they come completely freely, for they are made willing by his grace
Those whom God effectually calls he also freely justifies. He does this, not by infusing righteousness into them, but by pardoning
their sins, and by accounting and accepting them as righteous, not for anything done in them or by them, but for Christ's sake
alone. They are not justified because God imputes as their righteousness either their faith itself, or the act of believing, or any
other act of obedience to the gospel. They are justified by God imputing Christ's active obedience to the whole law and his passive
obedience in death. By faith they receive and rest on his righteousness, and this faith they do no have of themselves for it is the
gift of God
God has granted that, in and for his only Son Jesus Christ, all those who are justified share in the grace of adoption. By this
they are numbered with and enjoy the liberties and privileges of the children of God. They have his name put upon them,
and receive the Spirit of adoption. They have access to the throne of grace with boldness, and are able to cry, 'Abba, Father!'
They are pitied, protected, provided for, and chastened by him as by a father, yet they are never cast off, but are sealed to
the day of redemption, and inherit the promises as heirs of everlasting salvation
Those who are united to Christ, effectually called and regenerated, have a new heart and a new spirit created in them through the
efficacy of Christ's death and resurrection. Furthermore, they are also really and personally sanctified through the same means,
by his Word and Spirit dwelling in them. The power of every part of the body of sin is destroyed, and its various lusts are
increasingly weakened and put to death, and saving graces are increasingly brought to life and strengthened in them so that they
practice true holiness without which no one shall see the Lord.
The grace of faith is the work of the Spirit of Christ in their hearts. It is normally brought into being by the ministry of the Word. It is
increased and strengthened by the ministry of the Word, and by the administration of baptism and the Lord's supper, prayer,
and other means appointed by God
REPENTANCE TO LIFE AND SALVATION
Some of the elect are converted in later years, having lived for some time in their natural state in which they have served various
lusts and pleasures. Then God gives them repentance to life by effectually calling them.
Good works are only those which God has commanded in his holy Word. Works which do not have such warrant, and are invented
by people out of blind zeal or on pretence of good intentions, are not good works
THE PERSEVERANCE OF BELIEVERS
The elect are those whom God has accepted in Christ the Beloved, effectually called and sanctified by his Spirit, and given the
precious faith of his elect. These can neither totally nor finally fall from the state of grace, but they shall certainly persevere in
grace to the end and be eternally saved. For God will not repent of his gifts and calling, therefore he continues to bring about
and nourish in them faith, repentance, love, joy, hope, and all the graces of the Spirit that lead to immortality
ASSURANCE OF GRACE AND SALVATION
Temporary believers and other unregenerate people may deceive themselves with futile and false hopes and un-spiritual
presumptions that they are in favour with God and in a state of salvation, but their hope will perish. Yet those who truly believe
in the Lord Jesus, and love him in sincerity, and endeavor to walk in all good conscience before him, may be certainly assured
in this life that they are in the state of grace; they may rejoice in the hope of the glory of God, knowing that such hope will never
make them ashamed
THE LAW OF GOD
God gave to Adam a law of universal obedience written in his heart, and a specific precept not to eat the fruit of the tree of
knowledge of good and evil. By this he bound him and all his descendants to personal, total, exact, and perpetual obedience.
God promised life on fulfilling it, and threatened death on breaching it, and he endued him with power and ability to keep it
THE GOSPEL AND ITS GRACIOUS EXTENT
20.1 As the covenant of works was broken by sin and was unable to confer life, God was pleased to promise Christ, the seed
of the woman, as the means of calling the elect and bringing to life within them faith and repentance. In this promise the
substance of the Gospel was revealed as the effectual means for the conversion and salvation of sinners.
CHRISTIAN LIBERTY AND LIBERTY OF CONSCIENCE
The liberty which Christ has purchased for believers under the Gospel consists of their freedom from the guilt of sin, the
condemning wrath of God, and the severity and curse of the [moral] law. It also includes their deliverance from this present evil
world, bondage to Satan, the dominion of sin, the distress of afflictions, the fear and sting of death, the victory of the grave, and
everlasting damnation. Furthermore, it includes their free access to God, and their ability to yield obedience to him, not out
of slavish fear, but with childlike love, and willing minds.
WORSHIP AND THE LORD'S DAY
The light of nature shows that there is a God who has lordship and sovereignty over all. He is just and good and does good
to all. Therefore he is to be feared, loved, praised, called upon, trusted in, and served with all the heart and soul and strength
LAWFUL OATHS AND VOWS
A lawful oath is an act of worship in which the person swearing in [the light of God's] truth, righteousness and judgement,
solemnly calls God to witness what he swears, and to judge him according to the truth or falsity of it
God, the supreme Lord and King of all the world, has ordained civil authorities to be under him and over the people, for his
own glory and the public good. For this purpose he has armed them with the authority to use force, to defend and encourage
those who do good, and to punish evil doers
Marriage is to be between one man and one woman. It is not lawful for any man to have more than one wife, nor for any
woman to have more than one husband at the same time.
The universal church may be called the invisible church. It consists of the complete number of the elect who have been,
who are, or who shall be gathered into one under Christ its Head. The church is the bride, the body, the fullness of Christ
who fills all in all
THE FELLOWSHIP OF BELIEVERS
All believers are united to Jesus Christ their Head by his Spirit and by faith, although this does not make them one person
with him. Therefore they have fellowship in his graces, sufferings, death, resurrection, and glory. Being united to one another
in love, they have fellowship in each other's gifts and graces, and are obliged to discharge their duties, both public and
private, in an orderly way so as to ensure their mutual good in both spiritual and temporal matters.
Baptism and the Lord's Supper are ordinances explicitly and sovereignly appointed by the Lord Jesus, the only lawgiver,
to be continued in his church to the end of the world.
Baptism is an ordinance of the New Testament, ordained by Jesus Christ, to be to the person baptized a sign of fellowship
with Christ in his death and resurrection, of being grafted into him, of remission of sins, and of giving up oneself to God,
through Jesus Christ, to live and walk in newness of life.
THE LORD'S SUPPER
The supper of our Lord Jesus was instituted by him the same night he was betrayed, to be observed in his churches until
the end of the world as a perpetual remembrance of him and to show forth the sacrifice of himself in his death. It was also
instituted to confirm the faith of believers in all the benefits in Christ's death, for their spiritual nourishment and growth in
him, for their further engagement in and commitment to all the duties they owe him, and to be a bond and pledge of their
fellowship with him and with one another
THE STATE OF PEOPLE AFTER DEATH AND THE RESURRECTION OF THE DEAD
After death the bodies of people return to dust and undergo decomposition, but their souls immediately return to God
who gave them. The souls of the righteous are then made perfect in holiness, they are received into paradise where
they are with Christ and look on the face of God in light and glory, and wait for the full redemption of their bodies.
The souls of the wicked are cast into hell, where they remain in torment and utter darkness, reserved for judgment on
the great day of judgment. For souls separated from their bodies, the Scripture acknowledges no other place than these two.
THE LAST JUDGMENT
God has appointed a day when he will judge the world in righteousness by Jesus Christ, to whom the Father has given
all power and judgment. On that day, not only the apostate angels will be judged, but also all people who have lived
on the earth. They will appear before Christ's judgment throne to give an account of their thoughts, words, and deeds,
and to receive judgment according to what they have done in the body, whether good or evil.
|Baptist Confession of Faith (1689)
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Baptist Confession of Faith (1689) Rewritten in modern English by Andrew Kerkham 1st ed. 1999,
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|© ERIC MICHEL MINISTRY OF CANADA
Copyright 1987- Present Day Eric Michel Ministries International.
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